De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Saltar a navegación Saltar a búsqueda

Un municipio a nivel de condado ( chino :县级 市), ciudad a nivel de condado o ciudad de condado , anteriormente conocida como ciudad controlada por prefectura (1949–1970:专 辖市; 1970–1983: chino :,), es un división administrativa a nivel de condado de la República Popular China . Las ciudades a nivel de condado tienen derechos judiciales pero no legislativos sobre su propia ley local y generalmente se rigen por divisiones a nivel de prefectura , pero algunas se rigen directamente por divisiones a nivel de provincia.. Three of the claim county-level cities are part of the disputed Taiwan Province, but all of them are controlled by the Republic of China as its provincial cities.

A county-level city is a "city" (; shì) and "county" (; xiàn) that have been merged into one unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entity and a county which is an administrative division of a prefecture. Most county-level cities were created in the 1980s and 1990s by replacing denser populated counties.

Las ciudades a nivel de condado no son " ciudades " en el sentido más estricto de la palabra, ya que por lo general contienen áreas rurales muchas veces el tamaño de su área urbana construida. Esto se debe a que los condados que las ciudades a nivel de condado han reemplazado son en sí mismos grandes unidades administrativas que contienen pueblos , aldeas y tierras de cultivo. Para distinguir una "ciudad a nivel de condado" de su área urbana real (el significado tradicional de la palabra "ciudad"), se utiliza el término "市区" (shìqū) o "área urbana".

Comparable territorial divisions in other countries[edit]

In the main urban area of Daye, a county-level city within the prefecture-level city of Huangshi, Hubei. Daye also includes some separate towns, such as Dajipu (大箕铺)

In France, an equivalent of a county-level city is an agglomeration community.

While the idea of a "city" being a unit consisting of several "towns" is not a common one in English-speaking world, a somewhat similar naming convention is used for local government areas in some parts of Australia. For example, in New South Wales such a unit may often be called a "city" (rather than a traditional "shire"), and consist of "towns". E.g. City of Blue Mountains is made of a number of towns (Katoomba, Springwood, etc.).

Another example would be "municipal government" in the Canadian province of Ontario. Small municipalities (cities) and towns, along with urban, sub-urban and rural areas were merged or integrated into a "super" area, in part to obtain economies in administrative overhead by not having for each city and town individual library commissions, fire fighting units, health care, and other social services common to all areas.

List[edit]

As of June 2020, there are 391 county-level cities in total:

Sub-prefectural cities[edit]

A sub-prefectural city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefecture-level cities. Examples include, Xiantao (Hubei), Qianjiang (Hubei), Tianmen (Hubei) and Jiyuan (Henan).

See also[edit]

  • Administrative divisions of China
  • Counties of the People's Republic of China
  • Prefecture-level city
  • List of cities in China

References[edit]

  • Understanding the Chinese Economies, Rongxing Guo · 2012