From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigationJump to search

A national general election was held in Italy on 13 May 2001 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. The 14th Parliament of the Italian republic was chosen.

The election was won by the centre-right coalition House of Freedoms led by Silvio Berlusconi, defeating Francesco Rutelli, former Mayor of Rome, and Prime Ministerial candidate of the centre-left coalition The Olive Tree, and rising back to power after Berlusconi's first victory, in the 1994 general election.

Electoral system[edit]

The intricate electoral system, called scorporo, provided 75% of the seats on the Chamber of Deputies (the Lower House) as elected by first-past-the-post system, whereas the remaining 25% was assigned on a proportional way with a minimum threshold of 4%.

The method used for the Senate was even more complicated: 75% of seats by uninominal method, and 25% by a special proportional method that assigned the remaining seats to minority parties. Formally, these were examples of additional member systems.

General election[edit]


For this election Berlusconi again ran as leader of the centre-right coalition the House of Freedoms (Italian: La Casa delle Libertà), which included the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, the Northern League, the National Alliance and other parties.

On the television interviews programme Porta a Porta, during the last days of the electoral campaign, Berlusconi created a powerful impression on the public by undertaking to sign a so-called Contratto con gli Italiani (English: Contract with the Italians), an idea copied outright by his advisor Luigi Crespi from the Newt Gingrich's Contract with America introduced six weeks before the 1994 US Congressional election,[1] which was widely considered to be a creative masterstroke in his 2001 campaign bid for prime ministership. In this solemn agreement, Berlusconi claimed his commitment on improving several aspects of the Italian economy and life. Firstly, he undertook to simplify the complex tax system by introducing just two tax rates (33% for those earning over 100,000 euros, and 23% for anyone earning less than that figure: anyone earning less than 11,000 euros a year would not be taxed); secondly, he promised to halve the unemployment rate; thirdly, he undertook to finance and develop a massive new public works programme. Fourthly, he promised to raise the minimum monthly pension rate to 516 euros; and fifthly, he would suppress the crime wave by introducing police officers to patrol all local zones and areas in Italy's major cities.[2] Berlusconi undertook to refrain from putting himself up for re-election in 2006 if he failed to honour at least four of these five promises.

Main coalitions and parties[edit]

Coalitions' leaders[edit]


Chamber of Deputies[edit]


In 2001 the proportional list exhausted before all the deputies - which the winning party was entitled to - were declared elected.[16]


Senate of the Republic[edit]


Results for the Chamber of Deputies (left) and Senate of the Republic (right) in single-member constituencies. The color corresponds to the party that won more votes in that area. Blue represents the House of Freedoms, red The Olive Tree, and turquois the Aosta Valley coalition.

Leaders' races[edit]


  1. ^ Gingrich, Newt; Armey, Dick (1994). Contract With America: The Bold Plan.
  2. ^ Ricolfi, Luca (2005). Dossier Italia: a che punto è il 'contratto con gli italiani. Il mulino.
  3. ^ I manifesti elettorali di Silvio Berlusconi dal 1994 ad oggi
  4. ^ Berlusconi: il contratto del 2001
  5. ^ Rutelli ammette la sconfitta. "Ora opposizione dura"
  6. ^ Politiche 2001: manifestazione di chiusura della campagna elettorale per il nord Italia con Francesco Rutelli
  7. ^ Rutelli non convince Bertinotti. "Da soli alle elezioni"
  8. ^ Elezioni, Bertinotti: "Non ci sarà desistenza con l'Ulivo"
  9. ^ Elezioni 2001, navigando tra i siti della politica
  10. ^ Ministero dell'Interno – Archivio Storico Elezioni
  11. ^ Sergio D'Antoni – Enciclopedia Treccani
  12. ^ Il centrodestra dilaga in Sicilia: 61 collegi su 61
  13. ^ Radicali nelle istituzioni
  14. ^ Emma Bonino – Biografia
  15. ^ Including one deputy of the Italian Republican Party
  16. ^ Buonomo, Giampiero (2001). "Cercansi candidati per 14 seggi. La speranza della (lista) civetta". Diritto&Giustizia edizione online.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  17. ^ Including the results of SVP and SVP–Olive Tree
  18. ^ 13,106,860 votes for The Olive Tree, 175,635 votes for the SVP–Olive Tree and 126,177 votes for the SVP
  19. ^ 38.70% of the votes for The Olive Tree, 0.52% of the votes for the SVP–Olive Tree and 0.37% of the votes for the SVP

External links[edit]

  • About 2001 Election (in Italian)
  • Corriere della Sera: About 2001 Election (in Italian)
  • About 2001 Election
  • Minister of Internal Affairs of Italy: 2001 Election Results, Chamber of Deputies (in Italian)
  • Minister of Internal Affairs of Italy: 2001 Election Results, Senate of the Republic (in Italian)